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  1. Russia in revolution: an empire in crisis, 1890 to 1928 - S. A. Smith 2017

    Book Suggested for Student Purchase New general history- excellent supplement to the whole course, offering detailed narrative alongside sophisticated and nuanced interpretation and analysis.

  2. Bibliographic guides 2 items
    (These enable you to explore a topic in more depth)
  3. Basic textbooks 4 items
    (For those of you who have never studied this period before, and feel a bit lost, these may be useful for orientation.)
    1. A history of Russia: peoples, legends, events, forces - Catherine Evtuhov c2004

      Book  This is an extremely sketchy treatment, but it is up to date and well written. I suggest you take a look at chapters 19,20, 24, 25, as precursors to this course.

    2. Russia in 1913 - Wayne Dowler c2010

      Book  A recent snapshot of Russia before the revolution that you may find interesting

    3. Restless Empire: a historical atlas of Russia - Ian Barnes, D. C. B. Lieven 2015 (cartographic material)

      Book  An historical atlas of Russia may well help you to place the historical developments we discuss within their geographical context

    4. The Routledge atlas of Russian history - Martin Gilbert, Routledge (Firm) 2007

      Book  This is not too bad, though not very colourful

  4. Section A. Russia before 1905. 94 items
    1. WEEK 1. NOTIONS OF CITIZENSHIP IN LATE IMPERIAL RUSSIA 4 items
      1. All students must read AT LEAST TWO of the following THREE articles: 

    2. WEEK 2. URBAN IDENTITIES BEFORE 1905 34 items
      1. All students to read:

      2. ‘Ex tempore: Did the working class matter in 1917?’

        Article Essential This section incorporates a provocative article about the working class in Russia by a well known Russian scholar, followed by responses from three historians, and a riposte from the original author

      3. Key reading: 26 items
        1. The city in late imperial Russia - Michael F. Hamm, American Association for the Advancement of Slavic Studies 1986

          Book 

        2. New labor history: worker identity and experience in Russia, 1840-1918 - Michael S. Melancon, Alice K. Pate 2002

          Book 

        3. Labor and society in tsarist Russia: the factory workers of St. Petersburg, 1855-1870 - Reginald E. Zelnik, Columbia University. Russian Institute 1971

          Book 

      4. Key Documents: 5 items
        1. Chapter 2 of The Russian worker: life and labor under the Tsarist regime - V. E. Bonnell

          Chapter  Memoir of pre-revolutionary factory worker Timofeev

        2. THE MEMOIRS OF IVAN CHUGURIN - Ivan Chugurin, James D. White, Vladimir P. Sapon 06/2011

          Article 

        3. Notes of a Red Guard - Eduard M. Dune, Diane Koenker, S. A. Smith c1993

          Book  pp. 5-25

        4. Chapter XVI of A source book for Russian history from early times to 1917 - Volume 3 - G Vernadsky

          Chapter  Docs. 31-38

    3. WEEK 3. RURAL IDENTITIES. 56 items
      1. ALL students to read 5 items
        1. AND

        2. Select ONE of the primary sources and ONE of the books/articles in the recommended reading below, and come to class ready to present summaries and analysis. 

      2. Documents 6 items
        1. My Life as peasant, officer and exile - I. D. Levine, M Botchkareva, M Yashka 1919

          Book 

        2. Provincial Russia in the Age of Enlightenment: the memoir of a priest's son - Dmitrii Ivanovich Rostislavov, Alexander M. Martin c2002

          Book 

        3. Village life in late tsarist Russia - Olga Semyonova Tian-Shanskaia, David L. Ransel c1993

          Book 

      3. Key Reading 45 items
        1. Ruling peasants: village and state in late imperial Russia - Corinne Gaudin c2007

          Book 

        2. Peasant economy, culture, and politics of European Russia, 1800-1921 - Esther Kingston-Mann, Timothy Mixter, Jeffrey Burds c1991

          Book 

        3. Landscape and settlement in Romanov Russia, 1613-1917 - Judith Pallot, Denis J. B. Shaw 1990

          Book 

        4. Transforming peasants: society, state and the peasantry, 1861-1930 : selected papers from the Fifth World Congress of Central and East European Studies, Warsaw, 1995 - Judith Pallot, World Congress for Central and East European Studies, International Council for Central and East European Studies 1998

          Book 

        5. The Russian peasantry, 1600-1930: the world the peasants made - David Moon c1999

          Book 

  5. WEEK 4. EMPIRE 50 items
    1. Preparation 4 items
      1. All students to read:

      2. Russian Empire : Space, People, Power, 1700-1930 2007

        Book Essential ALL STUDENTS TO READ Introduction, pp. 1-29

      3. Russian Citizenship : From Empire to Soviet Union - Eric Lohr 2012

        Book Essential EACH STUDENT TO SELECT ONE CHAPTER FROM FIRST FIVE CHAPTERS OF Lohr, Eric, INTRODUCTION of Russian Citizenship: From Empire to Soviet Union

    2. Documents 3 items
      1. A source book for Russian history from early times to 1917 - Vol 3 - George Vernadsky, Ralph Talcott Fisher, Alan D. Ferguson, Andrew Lossky 1972

        Book  Volume 3: XVI, doc. 13, p. 690; XVI, doc. 7, p. 682; XVI, doc. 20, pp. 698-701; XVI, doc. 21, p. 701; XVI, doc. 48, p. 728; XVII, doc. 42, p. 818.

    3. Key reading 5 items
      1. A history of Russia: peoples, legends, events, forces - Catherine Evtuhov c2004

        Book  A basic starting point. Chapters 20 and 23

      2. Russia: people and empire, 1552-1917 - Geoffrey A. Hosking 1997

        Book  Have a look at relevant sections.

    4. Further reading 38 items
      1. Rewolucja: Russian Poland, 1904-1907 - Robert E. Blobaum 1995

        Book 

      2. Baltic independence and Russian empire - Walter C. Clemens 1991

        Book 

      3. Of religion and empire: missions, conversion, and tolerance in Tsarist Russia - Robert P. Geraci, Michael Khodarkovsky 2001

        Book 

      4. The Russian Empire: a multiethnic history - Andreas Kappeler 2001

        Book 

      5. Empire: the Russian empire and its rivals - D. C. B. Lieven 2000

        Book 

      6. Imperial Russia: new histories for the Empire - Jane Burbank, David L. Ransel c1998

        Book 

      7. Peopling the Russian periphery: borderland colonization in Eurasian history - Nicholas B. Breyfogle, Abby M. Schrader, Willard Sunderland c2007

        Book 

      8. The Russian Empire, 1801-1917 - Hugh Seton-Watson 1967

        Book 

      9. Taming the wild field: colonization and empire on the Russian steppe - Willard Sunderland 2006

        Book 

  6. Section B. The revolutionary years. 419 items
    1. WEEK 5. 1905 120 items
      1. Core reading 1 item
      2. Documents 4 items
        1. From supplication to revolution: a documentary social history of imperial Russia - Gregory L. Freeze 1988

          Book  Part Three. Docs. 69-71, 72-84, 85-88, 135-140.

        2. A source book for Russian history from early times to 1917 - George Vernadsky, Ralph Talcott Fisher, Alan D. Ferguson, Andrew Lossky 1972

          Book  Chapter XVI. Docs. 23-27, 45-54, 58-64, 81

      3. 1905 27 items
        1. The Revolution of 1905: a short history - Abraham Ascher c2004

          Book 

        2. The revolution of 1905: Russia in Disarray - Abraham Ascher 1988

          Book 

        3. The Revolution of 1905; Authority Restored - Abraham Ascher 1992

          Book 

        4. The crisis of the old order in Russia: gentry and government - Roberta Thompson Manning 1982

          Book 

        5. Count Witte and the Tsarist government in the 1905 revolution - Howard D. Mehlinger, John M. Thompson 1972

          Book 

        6. The Russian Revolution of 1905: the workers' movement and the formation of Bolshevism and Menshevism - Solomon M. Schwarz, Inter-university Project on the History of the Menshevik Movement 1967

          Book 

        7. The Populists Refurbished - Donald W. Treadgold 07/1951

          Article 

        8. 1905 - Leon Trotsky 1972

          Book 

        9. Russo-Japanese War 5 items
          1. The Russo-Japanese War 1904-1905 - Geoffrey Jukes 2002

            Book 

          2. The origins of the Russo-Japanese war - Ian Hill Nish 1985

            Book 

          3. Human bullets: a soldier's story of the Russo-Japanese War - Tadayoshi Sakurai, Shigenobu Ōkuma, Alice Mabel Bacon, Roger J. Spiller 1999

            Book 

          4. The Russo-Japanese War in cultural perspective, 1904-05 - David Wells, Sandra Wilson 1999

            Book 

      4. Professionals in 1905 17 items
        1. Between tsar and people: educated society and the quest for public identity in late imperial Russia - 'The Problem of the middle in late Imperial Russian society' - Samuel D. Kassow, James L. West, Edith W. Clowes

          Chapter  Pay particular attention to this. It deals specifically with the development of the professional classes, framed there in the context of the development of civil society.

        2. Political memoirs, 1905-1917 - P. N. Mili︠u︡kov, Arthur P. Mendel c1967

          Book 

        3. The liberation movement in Russia, 1900-1905 - Shmuėlʹ Galaĭ 1973

          Book 

        4. Struve, liberal on the Right, 1905-1944 - Richard Pipes 1980

          Book 

        5. Essays on Russian liberalism - Charles E. Timberlake, Bi-State (Kansas-Missouri) Slavic Conference 1972

          Book 

      5. Workers in 1905 24 items
        1. The Russian worker: life and labor under the Tsarist regime - Victoria E. Bonnell c1983

          Book 

        2. New labor history: worker identity and experience in Russia, 1840-1918 - Michael S. Melancon, Alice K. Pate 2002

          Book 

        3. Railwaymen and revolution: Russia, 1905 - Henry Reichman 1987

          Book 

        4. Russian workers and the Socialist-Revolutionary Party through the revolution of 1905-07 - Christopher Rice, University of Birmingham. Centre for Russian and East European Studies 1988

          Book 

      6. Political parties, the far right, and the army 30 items
        1. Russian rightists and the revolution of 1905 - Don C. Rawson 1995

          Book 

        2. Russian workers and the Socialist-Revolutionary Party through the revolution of 1905-07 - Christopher Rice, University of Birmingham. Centre for Russian and East European Studies 1988

          Book 

        3. Lenin: a biography - Robert Service 2000

          Book 

        4. The Populists Refurbished - Donald W. Treadgold 07/1951

          Article 

        5. 1905 - Leon Trotsky 1972

          Book 

      7. Peasantry in 1905 17 items
        1. Russia, 1905-07: revolution as a moment of truth (Vol. 2) - Teodor Shanin 1986

          Book 

    2. WEEK 7. CONSTITUTIONAL RUSSIA 52 items
      1. Core reading 1 item
      2. Documents 5 items
        1. Features and figures of the past: government and opinion in the reign of Nicholas II - V. I. Gurko, J. E. Wallace Sterling, Xenia Joukoff Eudin, Harold H. Fisher c1939

          Book 

        2. Days of the Russian Revolution: memoirs from the right, 1905-1917 - V. V. Shulʹgin, Bruce Friend Adams 1990

          Book 

        3. A source book for Russian history from early times to 1917 - George Vernadsky, Ralph Talcott Fisher, Alan D. Ferguson, Andrew Lossky 1972

          Book  Vol.3., Chapter XVI. Docs. 23-27, 65-66; Chapter XVII. Docs. 1- 50

      3. Key reading 22 items
        See relevant parts of reading from earlier seminars.
        1. The revolution of 1905: Authority Restored - Abraham Ascher 1992

          Book 

        2. The liberation movement in Russia, 1900-1905 - Shmuėlʹ Galaĭ 1973

          Book 

        3. Transforming peasants: society, state and the peasantry, 1861-1930 : selected papers from the Fifth World Congress of Central and East European Studies, Warsaw, 1995 - Judith Pallot, World Congress for Central and East European Studies, International Council for Central and East European Studies 1998

          Book 

      4. On rural Russia and Stolypin’s reforms 24 items
        1. The end of the Russian land commune, 1905-1930 - Dorothy Atkinson 1983

          Book 

        2. Economy and society in Russia and the Soviet Union, 1860-1930: essays for Olga Crisp - Olga Crisp, Peter Waldron, Linda Harriet Edmondson, University of London. School of Slavonic and East European Studies 1992

          Book 

        3. Landscape and settlement in Romanov Russia, 1613-1917 - Judith Pallot, Denis J. B. Shaw 1990

          Book 

        4. Transforming peasants: society, state and the peasantry, 1861-1930 - Judith Pallot, World Congress for Central and East European Studies, International Council for Central and East European Studies 1998

          Book 

    3. WEEK 8. THE FIRST WORLD WAR AND THE FEBRUARY REVOLUTION 61 items
      1. Core reading 3 items
      2. Documents 8 items
        1. A source book for Russian history from early times to 1917 - Vol. 3 - George Vernadsky, Ralph Talcott Fisher, Alan D. Ferguson, Andrew Lossky 1972

          Book  Chapter XVIII. Docs. 37-47.

        2. The fall of Tsarism: untold stories of the February 1917 Revolution - Semion Lyandres c2013

          Book  Choose any of these accounts.

        3. Notes of a Red Guard - Eduard M. Dune, Diane Koenker, S. A. Smith c1993

          Book  pp. 31-41.

      3. Key reading 50 items
        1. Politics and the people in revolutionary Russia: a provincial history - Sarah Badcock c2007 (electronic resource)

          Book  Chapter on February.

        2. Russian Factory Committees in 1917 - Paul H. Avrich 1963

          Article  Available to read online for free with JSTOR log-in

        3. 'Industrial Relations and the Economic crisis of 1917' - P Flenley

          Article  Available from Central Store, request via UNLOC (http://aleph.nottingham.ac.uk)

        4. The February Revolution: Petrograd, 1917 - Tsuyoshi Hasegawa 1981

          Book 

        5. Strikes and revolution in Russia, 1917 - Diane Koenker, William G. Rosenberg 1989

          Book 

        6. The Petrograd workers and the fall of the old regime: from the February Revolution to the July Days, 1917 - David Mandel, University of Birmingham. Centre for Russian and East European Studies 1983

          Book 

        7. Comrades: 1917 - Russia in Revolution - Brian Moynahan 1992

          Book 

        8. The spread of the Russian Revolution: essays on 1917 - Roger William Pethybridge 1972

          Book 

        9. Russia's second revolution: the February 1917 uprising in Petrograd - Ė. N. Burdzhalov, Donald J. Raleigh 1987

          Book 

        10. The Russian Revolution of February 1917 - Marc Ferro 1972

          Book 

    4. WEEK 9. GOVERNING THE REVOLUTION 76 items
      1. Core reading 2 items
        1. The Russian revolution, 1917: a personal record - N. N. Sukhanov, Joel Carmichael 2014 (electronic resource)

          Book  Read pp. 225-231

      2. Documents 1 item
        1. The Russian Provisional Government 1917: documents - Robert Paul Browder, Aleksandr Fyodorovich Kerensky, Hoover Institution on War, Revolution, and Peace 1961

          Book  pp. 1202-1212; Political Parties and the Soviet; pp. 1301-1307, 1311-1319; Provisional Government up to June 1917.

      3. Key reading 73 items
        1. On the Provisional Government 17 items
          1. A. I. Denikin - Peter Kenez 04/1974

            Article 

          2. V.D. Nabokov and the Russian Provisional Government - Virgil D. Medlin, Steven L. Parsons, B. Ė Nolʹde 1976

            Book 

        2. On The Soviets, and outside Petrograd 16 items
          Consult the works listed at the start of the booklet in ‘Basic secondary works’; all deal to some extent with the Soviet and question of dual power. Mike Hickey’s articles are very helpful in articulating the revolutionary period in Smolensk. You might find my article on Cheboksary helpful in understanding the ambiguities of political support in 1917.
        3. Political parties 2 items
          See relevant chapters of Acton, Edward, Cherniaev, V. U., and Rosenberg, William G. (ed.)Critical Companion to the Russian revolution (London, 1997) for summaries of parties and some key figures within them. Material listed under Soviets also has lots of relevant information on party political support. It is important to challenge the notion of clearly delineated parties at grassroots level: see:
          1. Russia goes to the polls: the election to the all-Russian Constituent Assembly, 1917 - Oliver H. Radkey 1989

            Book  Has a detailed evaluation of results.

        4. On Lenin and the Bolsheviks 6 items
          Lenin’s most significant works are available on the web; the translations of the texts provided on the Marxist organisation website include a very useful glossary of terms used. For a chronoligical index of Lenin’s work, see:
          1. There are a number of fine biographies of Lenin recently published. The three that I would particularly recommend include:

          2. Lenin: A Revolutionary Life - CHRISTOPHER READ 2005

            Book 

          3. Lenin: a biography - Robert Service 2000

            Book 

          4. Lenin: The Practice and Theory of Revolution - White, James D. 2001

            Book 

        5. For works on the Bolsheviks: 8 items
          1. Leninism - Neil Harding 1996

            Book 

          2. Lenin: life and legacy - Dmitriĭ Antonovich Volkogonov, Harold Shukman 1994

            Book 

        6. On the Mensheviks 3 items
          You will find relevant material in a range of general works. In addition, see:
          1. The Mensheviks in the Revolution of 1917 - John D. Basil 1984

            Book 

        7. On the Socialist Revolutionaries 13 items
        8. On the Constitutional Democrats (Kadets) 8 items
          1. Political memoirs, 1905-1917 - P. N. Mili︠u︡kov, Arthur P. Mendel c1967

            Book 

    5. WEEK 10. OCTOBER AND AFTERWARDS 39 items
      1. Documents 6 items
        1. The Russian Provisional Government 1917: documents - Robert Paul Browder, Aleksandr Fyodorovich Kerensky, Hoover Institution on War, Revolution, and Peace 1961

          Book  Vol. III, pp. 1640-1813 (To be read selectively!)

        2. The Russian revolution and the Soviet state, 1917-1921: documents - Martin McCauley 1975

          Book  pp. 184-186

        3. Voices of revolution, 1917 - Mark D. Steinberg, Marian Schwartz, Z. I. Peregudova, L. I. Ti︠u︡ti︠u︡nnik c2001

          Book  Part III. Docs 104-132

        4. The Russian Revolution 1917 : A Personal Record by N. N. Sukhanov - Nikolai Nikolaevich Sukhanov , and Joel Carmichael 2014

          Book  pp. 620-647

        5. Russia goes to the polls: the election to the all-Russian Constituent Assembly, 1917 - Oliver H. Radkey 1989

          Book  Constituent Assembly election results.

      2. Key reading 3 items
      3. And also… 16 items
        1. 'Bread, democracy and the Bolshevik coup' - V. Mau 1994

          Article  Available from Central Store, request via UNLOC (http://aleph.nottingham.ac.uk)

        2. The Bolshevik seizure of power - S. P. Melʹgunov, S. G. Pushkarev, B. S. Pushkarev 1972

          Book 

        3. The Bolsheviks come to power - Alexander Rabinowitch 1979

          Book 

      4. October outside Petrograd 14 items
        1. 'Towards Soviet power in Tashkent, February-October 1917' - R. A. Pierce 1975

          Article  Available from Hallward Periodicals

        2. Revolution on the Volga: 1917 in Saratov - Donald J. Raleigh 1986

          Book 

        3. The origins of the Russian Civil War - Geoff Swain 1996

          Book 

        4. 'The Revolution in the Provinces: Kharkov and the Varieties of Response to the October Revolution' - R. A. Wade 1991

          Article  Available from Central Store, request via UNLOC (http://aleph.nottingham.ac.uk)

    6. WEEK 11. RUSSIA’S CIVIL WAR 69 items
      1. Documents 9 items
        1. Way of the lancer - Richard Boleslavsky, Helen Woodward c1932

          Book  pp. 244-283

        2. A Russian civil war diary: Alexis Babine in Saratov, 1917-1922 - Alexis Vasilevich Babine, Donald J. Raleigh 1988

          Book  pp. 45-128

        3. Cursed days: a diary of Revolution - Ivan Alekseevich Bunin, Thomas Gaiton Marullo c1998

          Book  This is all brilliant, but if you are short of time see pp. 168-203

        4. White Guard - Mikhail Bulgakov, Marian Schwartz, and Evgeny Dobrenko 2008

          Book 

        5. The Russian civil war: documents from the Soviet archives - V. P. Butt 1996

          Book  pp. 39-42 on terror; pp. 49-81, 82-92, 90-112, 112-124.

        6. Notes of a Red Guard - Eduard M. Dune, Diane Koenker, S. A. Smith c1993

          Book  pp. 93-114, 121-136, 153-169, 173-186

        7. The Russian revolution and the Soviet state, 1917-1921: documents - Martin McCauley 1975

          Book  pp. 134-287

        8. Quiet flows the don - Mikhail Aleksandrovich Sholokhov, Robert Daglish, Brian Murphy 1996

          Book  book 2, part 5, pp. 471-635

      2. General reading. 10 items