globe
  1. Seminar 1: Introduction: Defining fascism 13 items
    1. The Five Stages of Fascism - Robert O. Paxton 1998

      Article Essential

    2. Fascism: a very short introduction - Kevin Passmore 2002

      Book Essential

    3. Whatever Happened to Fascism? - Tim Mason

      Chapter 

    4. Fascism: a history - Roger Eatwell 1995

      Book 

    5. The nature of fascism - Roger Griffin 1993

      Book  Chapters 1 and 2

    6. The Nazi dictatorship: problems and perspectives of interpretation - Ian Kershaw 1993

      Book  Ch. 2 ‘The Essence of Nazism: Form of Fascism, Brand of Totalitarianism, or Unique Phenomenon?'

    7. Fascism - Roger Griffin 1995

      Book  General Introduction pp. 1-12

    8. Fascism: a very short introduction - Kevin Passmore 2002

      Book 

  2. Seminar 2: The Rise of Fascism in Italy 17 items
    1. The seizure of power: fascism in Italy, 1919-1929 - Adrian Lyttelton, MyiLibrary c2004 (electronic resource)

      Book Essential Essential reading is pp. 25-34

    2. The March on Rome - Adrian Lyttelton

      Chapter 

    3. Mussolini - R. J. B. Bosworth c2002

      Book  Chapters 5-7

    4. The rise of fascism - F. L. Carsten 1970, c1967

      Book 

    5. 'Violence in Italian Fascism, 1919-1925' - Jens Petersen

      Chapter 

    6. The fascist revolution in Tuscany, 1919-1922 - Frank M. Snowden 1989

      Book 

    7. Fascism in Ferrara, 1915-1925 - Paul Corner 1975

      Book 

    8. The first duce =: D'Annunzio at Fiume - Michael Arthur Ledeen 1977

      Book 

    9. Gabriele d'Annunzio: defiant archangel - John Robert Woodhouse c1998

      Book 

  3. Seminar 3: The Rise of National Socialism in Germany 18 items
    1. Hitler and the collapse of Weimar Germany - Martin Broszat 1987

      Book 

    2. Germans into Nazis - Peter Fritzsche 1998

      Book 

    3. Hitler's thirty days to power: January 1933 - Henry Ashby Turner c1996

      Book 

    4. Hitler - Ian Kershaw 2001, c1998

      Book 

    5. Weimar: why did German democracy fail? - Ian Kershaw 1990

      Book 

    6. The coming of the Third Reich - Richard J. Evans 2004

      Book 

    7. 'National Socialism and Women before 1933’ - Jill Stephenson

      Chapter 

    8. Who voted for Hitler? - Richard F. Hamilton c1982

      Book 

    9. The history of the Nazi Party - Dietrich Orlow 1969-1973

      Book 

  4. Seminar 4: Coercion and Consent in Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany 35 items
    1. Nazi Germany - Jane Caplan c2008 (electronic resource)

      Book Essential Essential chapter for seminar on coercion and consent is N. Wachsmann, 'The policy of exclusion: repression in the Nazi state 1933-39'

    2. Life in the Third Reich - Richard Bessel 1987

      Book Essential Essential chapter is Ulrich Herbert, 'Good times, bad times'

    3. Hitler: 1889-1936: hubris - Ian Kershaw 1998

      Book 

    4. Nazism 1919-1945: a documentary reader - Jeremy Noakes, Geoffrey Pridham 1983-1998

      Book  Volume 2 State, Economy and Society, chapters on ‘Law and Order’, ‘SS-Police System’, ‘Nazism and the Working Class’

    5. Nazism as fascism: violence, ideology, and the ground of consent in Germany, 1930-1945 - Geoff Eley, MyiLibrary c2013 (electronic resource)

      Book  Chapter 3: ‘The Return of Ideology: Everyday Life, the Volksgemeinschaft, and the Nazi Appeal’

    6. Life and death in the Third Reich - Peter Fritzsche c2008

      Book 

    7. Belonging and genocide: Hitler's community, 1918-1945 - Thomas Kühne, ebrary, Inc c2010 (electronic resource)

      Book 

    8. The Working class and politics in Europe and America, 1929-1945 - Stephen Salter, John Stevenson 1990

      Book  Chapters on Italy and Germany

    9. Concentration camps in Nazi Germany: the new histories - Jane Caplan, Nikolaus Wachsmann c2010 (electronic resource)

      Book 

    10. The Third Reich in power, 1933-1939 - Richard J. Evans 2006

      Book 

    11. The Third Reich: politics and propaganda - David Welch 1993

      Book 

    12. Mussolini - R. J. B. Bosworth c2002

      Book 

    13. Fascism in Italy: The Second Wave - Adrian Lyttelton 1966

      Article 

    14. Italian fascism, 1915-1945 - Philip Morgan, MyiLibrary 2004 (electronic resource)

      Book 

    15. Under the axe of fascism - Gaetano Salvemini 1936

      Book 

  5. Seminar 5: Fascist Failures 23 items
    1. Feminine fascism: women in Britain's fascist movement, 1923-1945 - Julie V. Gottlieb, ebrary, Inc 2000 (electronic resource)

      Book 

    2. British fascism, 1918-39: parties, ideology and culture - Thomas P. Linehan 2000

      Book 

    3. The culture of fascism: visions of the Far Right in Britain - Julie V. Gottlieb, Thomas P. Linehan, ebrary, Inc 2004 (electronic resource)

      Book 

    4. Oswald Mosley - Robert Skidelsky 1975 (various printings)

      Book 

    5. The Fascist movement in Britain - Robert Benewick 1972

      Book 

    6. France - Cheryl Koos, Daniela Sarnoff

      Chapter 

    7. French fascism: the first wave, 1924-1933 - Robert Soucy 1986

      Book 

    8. French fascism: the second wave, 1933-1939 - Robert Soucy 1995

      Book 

    9. Nationalism, anti-semitism, and fascism in France - Michel Winock 1998

      Book 

  6. Seminar 6 (Group A): Fascism and authoritarianism in Spain 16 items
    1. Fascists and conservatives: the radical right and the establishment in twentieth-century Europe - Martin Blinkhorn, ebrary, Inc 1990 (electronic resource)

      Book Essential pp. 118-156

    2. Franco: a biography - Paul Preston 1993

      Book Recommended pp. 248-274, 323-400

    3. Spanish cultural studies: an introduction : the struggle for modernity - Helen Graham, Jo Labanyi 1995

      Book Recommended pp. 99-115, 182-195

    4. The war and its shadow: Spain's Civil War in Europe's long twentieth century - Helen Graham, ebrary, Inc c2012 (electronic resource)

      Book Recommended pp. 51-74

    5. The Franco regime, 1936-1975 - Stanley G. Payne, ebrary, Inc c1987 (electronic resource)

      Book Recommended pp. 231-312

    6. Fascism in Spain, 1923-1977 - Stanley G. Payne, ebrary, Inc 1999 (electronic resource)

      Book Recommended pp. 239-362

    7. Fascism: comparison and definition - Stanley G. Payne, ebrary, Inc c1980 (electronic resource)

      Book Recommended pp. 139-160

    8. Fascists - Michael Mann, ebrary, Inc 2004 (electronic resource)

      Book Recommended pp. 297-352

    9. Señoritas in blue: the making of a female political elite in Franco's Spain - Inbal Ofer c2009

      Book Recommended

    10. ¡Comrades!: portraits from the Spanish Civil War - Paul Preston 2006

      Book Recommended pp. 75-140

    11. Doves of war: four women of Spain - Paul Preston 2003

      Book Recommended pp. 205-296

    12. Women and Spanish fascism: the women's section of the Falange, 1934-1959 - Kathleen Richmond, ebrary, Inc 2003 (electronic resource)

      Book Recommended

    13. Selected writings - José Antonio Primo de Rivera, Hugh Thomas, Gudie Lawaetz 1972

      Book Recommended Primary source - pp. 132-137

  7. Seminar 6 (Group B): Fascism and authoritarianism in Portugal 16 items
    1. The blue shirts: Portuguese fascists and the new state - António Costa Pinto 2000

      Book Essential pp. 167-215 – Available online: http://antoniocostapinto.eu/docs/books/The%20Blue%20Shirts_832172.pdf

    2. Salazar's dictatorship and European fascism: problems of interpretation - António Costa Pinto 1995

      Book Recommended pp. 147-208

    3. Fascists and conservatives: the radical right and the establishment in twentieth-century Europe - Martin Blinkhorn, ebrary, Inc 1990 (electronic resource)

      Book Recommended pp. 157-175

    4. Rethinking fascism and dictatorship in Europe - António Costa Pinto, Aristotle A. Kallis 2014

      Book Recommended pp. 154-175. Available online: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/304858753_Salazar%27s_%27New_State%27_The_Paradoxes_of_Hybridization_in_the_Fascist_Era?enrichId=rgreq-fe52c8314fa04681e70fe95b6e968ef1-XXX&enrichSource=Y292ZXJQYWdlOzMwNDg1ODc1MztBUzozODM4NzA1ODg0NzMzNDRAMTQ2ODUzMzI4ODQwMg%3D%3D&el=1_x_2&_esc=publicationCoverPdf

    5. ‘Chaos’ and ‘Order’: Preto, Salazar and Charismatic Appeal in Inter‐war Portugal - António Costa Pinto 06/2006

      Article Recommended Available online: http://www.ics.ul.pt/rdonweb-docs/Chaos%20and%20Order%20(2006).pdf

    6. Salazar: a political biography - Filipe Ribeiro De Meneses, ebrary, Inc c2009 (electronic resource)

      Book Recommended pp. 126-132, 162-188

    7. Fascism: comparison and definition - Stanley G. Payne, ebrary, Inc c1980 (electronic resource)

      Book Recommended pp. 139-160

    8. Contemporary Portugal: the revolution and its antecedents - Lawrence S. Graham, Harry M. Makler 1979

      Book Recommended pp. 3-46

    9. Contemporary Portugal: politics, society and culture - António Costa Pinto 2011

      Book Recommended pp. 55-72. Available online: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/259340183_Contemporary_Portugal_Politics_Society_and_Culture

    10. Women under Salazar's Dictatorship - Anne Cova, Antonio Costa Pinto 01/07/2002

      Article Recommended Available online: http://www.antoniocostapinto.eu/docs/articles/1.%20women-salazarism-pjss12_813974.pdf

  8. Seminar 7 (Group A): Fascism and 'race' 18 items
    1. The racial state: Germany, 1933-1945 - Michael Burleigh, Wolfgang Wippermann 1991

      Book 

    2. The Third Reich: a new history - Michael Burleigh 2001

      Book  Chapter 4: Living in a Land with No Future: German Jews and their Neighbours, 1933-39

    3. Backing Hitler: consent and coercion in Nazi Germany - Robert Gellately c2001

      Book  Chapter 6: Injustice and the Jews

    4. The 'Hitler myth': image and reality in the Third Reich - Ian Kershaw 1987

      Book  Chapter 9 'Hitler's Popular Image and the Jewish Question'

    5. 'The persecution of the Jews' - Helmut Krausnick

      Chapter 

    6. Racial theories in fascist Italy - Aaron Gillette 2002

      Book 

    7. Mussolini - R. J. B. Bosworth c2002

      Book  Chapter 15: 'The Approach of a Second World War’

    8. The Jews in Fascist Italy: a history - Renzo De Felice, Robert L. Miller c2001

      Book 

    9. The Jews in Mussolini's Italy: from equality to persecution - Michele Sarfatti c2006

      Book 

  9. Seminar 7 (Group B): Fascism and gender 22 items
    1. Italy - Perry Willson

      Chapter Essential

    2. Women, gender and fascism in Europe, 1919-45 - Kevin Passmore 2003

      Book 

    3. Feminine fascism: women in Britain's fascist movement, 1923-1945 - Julie V. Gottlieb, ebrary, Inc 2000 (electronic resource)

      Book 

    4. Peeking under the Black Shirt: Italian Fascism’s Disembodied Bodies - Simonetta Falasca-Zamponi

      Chapter 

    5. Spanish cultural studies: an introduction : the struggle for modernity - Helen Graham, Jo Labanyi 1995

      Book  Essays by Helen Graham on ‘Women and social change’ and ‘Gender and the state: women in the 1940s’

    6. 'Women in Germany, 1925-1940' - Tim Mason

      Chapter  Also in History Workshop 1 and 2

    7. Women in Nazi Germany - Jill Stephenson c2001

      Book 

    8. Women in the Third Reich - Matthew Stibbe 2003

      Book 

    9. Sexuality and German fascism - Dagmar Herzog 2005

      Book  Also available as articles in special issue of Journal of the History of Sexuality, vol. 11 / 1-2 (Jan- April. 2002)

    10. How fascism ruled women: Italy, 1922-1945 - Victoria De Grazia c1992

      Book 

  10. Seminar 8: The Axis powers at war 44 items
    1. The Historiography of Fascist Foreign Policy - Stephen Corrado Azzi 1993

      Article 

    2. Italian foreign policy in the interwar period, 1918-1940 - H. James Burgwyn, ebrary, Inc c1997 (electronic resource)

      Book 

    3. The Wilhelmstrasse in the Nazi Era - Leonidas E. Hill 1967

      Article 

    4. Nazism 1919-1945: a documentary reader - Jeremy Noakes, Geoffrey Pridham 1983-1998

      Book  Vol. 3: Foreign Policy, War and Racial Extermination

    5. Nazi Germany - Jane Caplan c2008

      Book  pp. 219-245

    6. Hitler's empire: Nazi rule in occupied Europe - Mark Mazower 2009

      Book 

    7. The Third Reich: a new history - Michael Burleigh 2001

      Book  Chapter 6: East, West and the Balkans

    8. The seizure of power: fascism in Italy, 1919-1929 - Adrian Lyttelton, MyiLibrary c2004 (electronic resource)

      Book 

    9. Nazi Germany 1933-1945: faith and annihilation - Jost Dülffer c1996

      Book 

    10. Nazism 1919-1945: a documentary reader - Jeremy Noakes, Geoffrey Pridham 1983-1998

      Book  Volume 3: Foreign Policy, War and Extermination, ch. 35 'The German Occupation of Poland’

    11. Nazi empire: German colonialism and imperialism from Bismarck to Hitler - Shelley Baranowski c2011

      Book  Chapter 5

    12. The 'Hitler myth': image and reality in the Third Reich - Ian Kershaw 2001

      Book  Chapter 8: Defeat and Disaster

    13. Hitler's home front: Württemberg under the Nazis - Jill Stephenson 2006

      Book  Chapter 10: The Last Days of the War (pp. 313-343)

    14. The end: Hitler's Germany, 1944-45 - Ian Kershaw 2012

      Book 

    15. All or nothing: the Axis and the Holocaust, 1941-1943 - Jonathan Steinberg, ebrary, Inc 1990 (electronic resource)

      Book 

    16. Italy and the wider world, 1860-1960 - R. J. B. Bosworth, ebrary, Inc 1996 (electronic resource)

      Book  Chapter 5: The rise and fall of the Italian empire

    17. Fascism: ideology, foreign policy, and war - MacGregor Knox

      Chapter 

    18. The Italian dictatorship: problems and perspectives in the interpretation of Mussolini and fascism - R. J. B. Bosworth c1998

      Book  Chapter 4: Fascist Foreign and Racial Policies

  11. Seminar 9: Fascism in Europe today? 2 items
    1. The war and its shadow: Spain's Civil War in Europe's long twentieth century - Helen Graham, ebrary, Inc c2012 (electronic resource)

      Book Essential Chapter 7

    2. Supplementary reading:

       

      You can witness the relevance of this topic by reference to any number of newspapers and other online resources. A good place to begin is the Guardian website (www.guardian.co.uk), where you can find (in the archive) several pieces on the resurgence of far Right politics in Europe.

       

       

      Examples (Germany, Spain & Portugal):

       

      The Guardian, 18 January 2017 - https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/jan/18/afd-politician-says-germany-should-stop-atoning-for-nazi-crimes

       

      The Guardian, 11 May 2017 - https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/may/11/its-shameful-for-francos-victims-spanish-mps-agree-to-exhume-dictator

       

      The New York Times, July 23 2007 - http://www.nytimes.com/2007/07/23/world/europe/23iht-salazar.4.6790015.html

       

       

      Case-study (Turkey and the Armenian Genocide):

      The Guardian, 18 December 2008 - https://www.theguardian.com/world/2008/dec/18/armenian-genocide-apology-turkish-rebuttal

       

      France24, 30 December 2008 – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dYqvPXNHLQ4

       

      Los Angeles Times, 5 January 2009 - http://www.latimes.com/la-oe-ozyurek5-2009jan05-story.html

       

      The New York Times, 16 April 2015

      https://www.nytimes.com/2015/04/17/world/europe/turkeys-century-of-denial-about-an-armenian-genocide.html

       

      Aljazeera, 24 April 2015 - http://america.aljazeera.com/articles/2015/4/24/for-turks-acknowledging-an-armenian-genocide-undermines-national-identity.html

       

      CNN, 24 April 2015 - http://edition.cnn.com/2015/04/24/europe/armenia-turkey-massacre/index.html

       

      The Telegraph, 15 October 2015 - http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/turkey/11373115/Amal-Clooneys-latest-case-Why-Turkey-wont-talk-about-the-Armenian-genocide.html

       

      Washington Times, 24 April 2017 - http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2017/apr/24/donald-trump-recognizes-slaughter-armenians/

       

       

  12. New Requests 19/12/16 7 items
    1. The Nazi-fascist new order for European Culture - Benjamin George Martin 2016

      Book 

    2. Rethinking the Weimar republic: authority and authoritarianism, 1916-1936 - Anthony McElligott 2014

      Book 

    3. Germany 1916-23: a revolution in context - Klaus Weinhauer, Anthony McElligott, Kirsten Heinsohn 2015

      Book 

    4. Ordinary violence in Mussolini's Italy - Michael R. Ebner 2011

      Book 

  13. New Requests 7/2/17 4 items
    1. Protest in Hitler's "national community": popular unrest and the Nazi response 2016

      Book 

    2. Account rendered: a dossier on my former self - Melita Maschmann, Geoffrey Strachan, Helen Epstein, Marianne Schweitzer Burkenroad 2016

      Book 

    3. To hell and back: Europe, 1914-1949 - Ian Kershaw 2016

      Book 

    4. The Oxford handbook of European history, 1914-1945 - Nicholas Doumanis 2015

      Book 

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